Today’s Black History fact is:
Allensworth is the first all-black Californian township, founded and financed by African Americans. Created by Lieutenant Colonel Allen Allensworth in 1908, the town was built with the intention of establishing a self-sufficient city where African Americans could live their lives free of racial prejudice.
Allensworth was named after Allen Allensworth was born into an enslaved family in Kentucky in 1842; he was the youngest of 13 children. As a child, he was assigned to the white family’s young boy, and Allen began learning to read alongside his master. It was against the law for slaves to receive an education so his white mistress sent Allen to live with a Quaker woman, who also defied the law and helped Allen with his reading. When this was discovered, Allen was sent to work in the fields.